Several problems into a coal-fired boiler fuel gas boiler fired boilers changed several issues should be noted that the fuel gas boiler: fuel oil (l) high temperature corrosion of the fuel used in the boiler, containing an organic salt of a metal element as sodium, vanadium class, after combustion of the low melting point eutectic oxide crystals, generally of about 600 ℃, or even lower. These oxides sublimation at a high temperature furnace, then condensed in a lower relative temperature of the heated surface to form a high temperature corrosive fouling. Is characterized by high temperature corrosion: the metal began to appear at temperatures in excess of 580-620 deg.] C, the higher the temperature, the faster the etching. High temperature corrosion measures to prevent: l) the use of additives. Mainly magnesium, calcium oxide, hydroxide or dolomite (CaC03, MgCO3) and the like, these additives can generate a high melting point compound with the component acting in a high temperature fouling, the fouling becomes loose and shape, so as to avoid or mitigate high temperature corrosion. 2) use high temperature materials with good corrosion resistance, high temperature corrosion resistant chromium steel is better than the nickel-chromium steel. 3) coated with a protective film. Susceptible to corrosion in high temperature heating surface ceramic surface coating, a silicon carbide or silicon nitride special coatings, the heated surface may be aluminized other treatment to improve its high temperature resistance. 3) coated with a protective film. Susceptible to corrosion in high temperature heating surface and other surface-coated ceramics, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, or special coatings, the heated surface may be aluminized other treatment to improve its high temperature performance rot cloud. (2) low temperature corrosion in fuel sulfur generated during the combustion S02, since the fouling atomic oxygen present in the furnace and the convection heating surface and catalytic oxide film, SO2 is further oxidized to S03. S03 and H2S04 vapor in flue gas generated in conjunction with, the dew point of the flue gas containing the sulfuric acid vapor is greatly increased, when heated wall temperature below the dew point of sulfuric acid vapor will condense on the walls, and corrosion of the metal wall. Usually low temperature corrosion It occurs at the end of the air preheater of the boiler. Thus when burning high sulfur fuel, care must be taken to prevent low temperature corrosion. Prevent low temperature corrosion measures are: 1) low oxygen combustion. When the excess air at the outlet of the furnace lag coefficient down to 1.10 or less, for sulfur of the fuel oil used, the dew point of the flue gas will be significantly decreased, so as to avoid or mitigate low temperature corrosion. 2) use of additives. Sprayed into the furnace or flue additive in the curb generation of SO3 and to reduce the flue gas dew point temperature. Common additives solid (dolomite, limestone, magnesium oxide, and some special compound), the liquid (aqueous magnesium chloride solution, some oil soluble magnesium, calcium, zinc naphthenate compound) and a gas (ammonia gas, ammonia, three different ring) three categories. 3) raising the thermal wall temperature, so that it is higher than the dew point temperature of flue gas. Commonly used methods are: hot air recirculation inlet temperature of the air preheater increase; the installation of the heater core, air is heated by steam, a low temperature air preheater horizontal structure, the level of a horizontal pipe line is arranged an air preheater , the air flow in the pipe, the pipe between the smoke flow, erosion due to the lateral wall of the flue gas, the flue gas side heat transfer coefficient is increased to increase the wall temperature, more generally vertical wall temperature of the air preheater increase 20 ~ 25 ℃. 4) corrosion-resistant materials or corrosion resistant coating materials include glass, ceramics and the like; an anti-corrosion coating and had tried to enamel-coated surfaces like special steel anticorrosion paint. 5) timely sootblowing operation, and therefore should be a reasonable arrangement sootblowers. Fire and explosion of fuel failure (3) heating surface of the tail or incomplete combustion of atomized droplets gather in the tail of the heating surface, when it reaches ignition or explosion conditions, i.e., ignition and explosion may occur. The tail heating surface fouling aggravated by the possibility of aggregation of the oil droplets. Therefore, when coal-fired boilers into oil-fired boiler, burner should be correct and rational selection and delivery, and strictly develop from the induced draft fan. Rules and procedures for shutdown and normal operation to ensure good fuel atomization, with the wind reasonable. At each of the heating surface is arranged to be reasonable sootblowers. (4) determining the dew point temperature of flue gas is determined dew-point temperature of the flue gas has practical significance for the design and operation of flue gas dew point temperature factors influence mainly sulfur fuel ink, excess air coefficient, water vapor in the flue the amount of sulfur / cement ratio and combustion.
Gas best price 8 ton steam boiler load changes in the water level of air pressure adjustment What happens next: load fluctuation gas steam boiler water level of the air pressure regulating what impact the boiler load refers to the amount of steam is supplied outside?. When the variation amount of steam needed outside world, boiler pressure, temperature, level crossing will move. When the load increases, the pressure drop in the water level is low, the air supply should be increased and the amount of coal. While enhanced combustion, and gradually increase the amount of water to maintain normal air pressure and water level. When reducing the load, the air pressure is high the water level rises, the amount of coal should be reduced and the air volume, reduce combustion, then the appropriate amount of water to reduce or suspend the water supply, the air pressure and water level in the stable nominal range, then press normally combustion and to adjust the amount of water. When reducing the load, the pressure rise when the water level is low, to increase the amount of water should be, until the water level returns to normal, then the need for air pressure changes and the load situation, and to adjust the combustion water.
Recently, Chuzhou City, Anhui Province issued a "Chuzhou Municipal People's Government on the issuance of Chuzhou City to win the Battle of the sky three-year action plan to implement the program," which raised more for coal-fired governance requirements, as follows.
First, the continued implementation of the total coal consumption control. As of 2020, the city's coal accounts for a further decline in the proportion of total energy consumption; the city's coal consumption to complete the tasks assigned by the provincial government; a new coal project implementation reduction of coal instead.
Second, the implementation of the "coal to gas" and "electricity instead of coal." Under the premise of the implementation of the gas source, protect people's livelihood, glass, foundry industry to actively promote natural gas instead of coal gasification project, orderly implementation of coal-fired facilities from coal to gas. Combined with regional and industry energy characteristics, and actively promote the residential electricity, industrial production, building heating heating, transportation, production of five major areas of agricultural implement "electricity instead of coal", focus on improving the proportion of final energy consumption of electricity accounted for.
Third, carry out comprehensive improvement of the boiler. Increase efforts to eliminate small coal-fired boilers, to consolidate the results of coal-fired boilers eliminated. The city basically eliminated 35 tons of steam per hour of coal-fired boilers and furnaces tea, operating the stove, grain storage and drying equipment, coal-fired facilities, no new 35 tons of steam per hour of coal-fired boilers; 35 tons of steam per hour more coal-fired boilers (excluding boiler coal-fired plants) all meet the special emission limit requirements; 65 tons of steam per hour and above all coal-fired boilers and energy-efficient ultra-low emissions to complete the transformation. Low-nitrogen gas boiler substantially complete transformation; urban built-up area of ultra-low emission biomass boilers implement reform.
Fourth, increase the technological transformation efforts cogeneration units to speed up the heating pipe network construction, fully release and improve the heating capacity, eliminate network coverage and bulk coal fired boilers within range. In areas do not have the cogeneration district heating conditions, the existing multiple small coal-fired boilers, alternative construction of large-capacity coal-fired boilers in accordance with the principle of equal volume.
Fifth, strengthen the bulk coal governance. Full implementation of the "Interim Measures for commercial coal quality management" and coal-fired boiler technology standard, good bulk coal use Survey, the development of bulk coal governance implementation. Expand the scope of urban high-pollution fuel combustion zone ban, and gradually extended to the outskirts of the urban area. Combustion zone ban prohibiting the use of high-polluting coal for fuel, the progressive realization of no coal rank. Daly promote quality and new coal stoves, improving combustion efficiency.
You know how the boiler works? Boiler parameters is a main boiler performance indicators, including the boiler capacity, steam pressure, steam temperature, water temperature and the like. Boiler capacity available rated maximum continuous evaporation or evaporation is represented. Rated evaporation under a predetermined outlet pressure, temperature and efficiency, the amount of steam per unit time of continuous production. Maximum continuous evaporation under a predetermined outlet pressure, temperature, per unit time the maximum continuous amount of steam produced. Steam pressure and temperature parameters including best price 8 ton steam boiler, generally refers to a superheater, superheated steam pressure and temperature at the outlet of the reheater and superheater if no reheater, saturated steam pressure and temperature at the outlet of the boiler refers. Refers to a water temperature of the economizer inlet temperature, inlet temperature refers drum without economizer. Boilers can be categorized in different ways. Boiler use can be divided industrial boilers, utility boilers, marine boilers and boiler locomotive; by the boiler outlet pressure can be divided into low, medium, high pressure, high pressure, sub-critical pressure, the supercritical pressure boiler; boiler and by water flue gas flow path can be divided into the fire tube boilers, fire tube boilers and water-tube boilers, fire tube boilers and wherein the fire tube boiler and collectively shell boiler; press cycle can be divided into natural circulation boiler, auxiliary boiler cycle (i.e., forced-circulation boilers), and the combined circulation boiler once-through boiler; by combustion, the boiler chamber into the burner, and boiling Stoker furnace. Water vapor system, feedwater heated to a temperature in the heater, the water supply pipe into the economizer, after further heating into the drum, along with the mixing pot of water down to the water wall downcomer inlet header. Radiative heat absorbing soda water formed by the mixture in the riser in the drum reaches the waterwall tubes, the water from the steam separator means, steam separation. The separated saturated steam from the superheater to the upper stream drum, continue to become superheated steam endothermic certain temperature (most of the current 300MW, 600MW unit main steam temperature is about 540 ℃), and then sent to the turbine. In terms of combustion and flue gas system, the air blower into the air preheater is heated to a certain temperature. It is ground to certain fineness in the mill coal, a portion of the hot air from the air preheater carried into the furnace through a burner. Discharging pulverized coal burner and combustion air mixture is mixed with the rest of the hot air in the furnace and release large amount of heat. The hot flue gas flowing through the furnace sequence after combustion, Slag bundle, the superheater, economizer and air preheater, and then through the dust removal device, wherein the fly ash is removed, and finally sent to the chimney by the induced draft fan to the atmosphere.Free Chat
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