The main components of the boiler: boiler lot of people know, but do not always understand the boiler, even customers who have purchased the boiler is not very understanding of what are the component parts of the boiler. Today to look at a detailed analysis of boiler components which mainly consists of: 1, drum. Its role is to collection, storage, and supplementary steam feedwater purification. In water-tube boilers usually 1 to drum 2, the drum is called a steam drum (drum), referred to below water or mud drum drum. The inner drum has a uniform distribution of the feedwater tank, and the water separation means the continuous blowdown apparatus. Internal boiler drum water tube assembly and a separator and the like. The outer drum containing the main steam valve, the sub-steam valve, safety valve, air valve, water level gauge, sewage connection pipe and pressure gauges. One end of the head or top of the drum was Manhole. One end of the drum head with the open manhole bottom with periodic discharge means. In many riser and downcomer (bundle) connected to form the entire structure of the elastic member between the upper and lower drum. 2, water wall heating surface. It is disposed around the furnace radiation heating surface. Boiler tube made of φ51 × 3 ~ φ63.5 × 3.5mm in industrial boilers generally used rust, while the main heating surface of the water tube boiler. Radiation heating surface absorption of radiant heat and flame shield the furnace wall, and thus play a protective role in the furnace wall; the same time, as more endothermic, the furnace temperature can be reduced, as well as to prevent burning effect coking coal seam. 3, header. It is a collection of tubes arranged in the main element is coupled, and a dispensing action of water drawn, its location has upper header and a lower header or inlet header and the outlet header bin of. A header welded seamless steel pipe is generally greater diameter and two end caps. In recent years, some manufacturers shut spinning tube ends, substituted welded end cap, a more rational structure. 4, the convection heating surface tubes. Convection convection bank known as the drain pipe, located between the upper and lower drum, generally by a boiler φ51 × 3mm steel composition, the main heating surface of the water tube boiler. In order to sufficiently absorb heat, convection bank usually intermediate, separator trap wall consisting of a flue or turns back and forth, increasing the flow of flue gas, and smoke at high speed across tube bundles. 5, the pyrotechnic heating surface tubes. Smoke tube heating surface is the main fire tube smoke-tube boiler and a combination boilers, its role is as high temperature flue gas generated from the combustion furnace flows through the inner tube, the outer pot of water continuously on the heating tube, it gradually becomes steam (or hot water). Smoke tube is typically mounted pot shell, fixed to both ends connected to the tube plate by welding or expansion. Because of its limited number of installations of the boiler shell, plus content of the tube is easy to plug fouling, easy outer tube fouling, it is not practical for large boilers. 6, the superheater. Economizer and air preheater, which belong convection heating surface. Superheater convection superheater addition, there are radiation superheater, economizer and a preheater rest are mounted boiler backpass. Their role in the main exhaust gas temperature is further reduced, improving the thermal efficiency of the boiler.
Recently, we learned, Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province People's Government Office issued the "coastal city 2018--2019 autumn and winter tackling air pollution comprehensive management action plan", as follows.
Less adopt comprehensive measures to reduce coal total coal consumption, coal consumption in 2018 to ensure that the total amount of negative growth. New non-owned coal-fired units, the implementation of new large-scale coal-fired units and coal consumption capacity equal or reduction alternative.
Optimize the use of natural gas structure, in principle, to new natural gas cogeneration and gas chemical projects, gas will adhere to the reform, orderly manner "coal to gas" project.
Carry out boiler (with tea furnace, operating a stove, grain storage and drying equipment, coal-fired facilities) an intensive investigation to establish accounting and inventory management, to develop a comprehensive remediation program in accordance with the unified deployment requirements boiler city, according to the law in accordance with regulations to increase fuel coal boiler out of efforts to achieve all cleared 10 steam tons / hour and coal-fired boilers to prevent high-polluting fuel boiler rebound has been eliminated. Boiler registration strictly prohibit new steam per hour 35 tons / hour of coal-fired boilers, coal-fired boilers new emission concentration to meet ultra-low emission of air pollutants, strict control of new biomass boilers, coal-fired boilers embodiments and low nitrogen urban built-up area of ultra-low emission biomass boilers transformation.
Winery method which reduce pollution 1, check for leakage protection and maintenance of: 2 mm steam leakage will cause energy losses of more than 10 tons of coal each year do? When you do not use it, you can turn it off to save energy. For water, steam and compressed air leak survey and routine maintenance, cost very little. 2, the non-contact cooling water in repeated use: Since the non-contact cooling water temperature and the quality is very good, it can be reused for desizing, scouring, rinsing and other processes. Three best source of cooling water is regenerated: sintering machine, a pre-link and compressor systems. The plant water recovery system may be installed, pipes, valves, storage tanks, and control systems. 3, repeated use of steam condensate: S. Mills requires a lot of saturated steam in the dyeing process, wherein a portion of the condensate is converted to its high temperature and purity. Water can be pumped back to the boiler to form a new steam. For those who buy steam from suppliers, or boiler is located away from the dyeing process, the condensate can be used as water washing or desizing. 4, pre-treated wastewater reuse Procedure collected bleaching, mercerizing machine, the water can be reused in other programs, there is no direct discharge of wastewater. 5, hot wash water is recovered from the hot gas in the dyeing process, large amounts of hot water are used to wash. Heat the washing water can be collected by the system plate heat exchanger to preheat the water to be sent to the next washing. 6, pre-screened coal enterprises should introduce screening spiral coal boiler technology to selection of raw materials. It is possible to improve the media tell the good, the bad quality of proportion, to avoid loss of small volumes of coal and coal calorific value. 7, maintaining steam traps traps can help maintain effective delivery of the steam plant. The valve is removed from the steam pipe and prevent further condensation water, so as to avoid heat loss and reduce fuel consumption. 8, the piping, valves and heat insulated flange experience pipes, valves and flanges waste of resources, reducing efficiency. Steam delivery device insulated to prevent vapor loss is an inexpensive, energy-saving method of .9, the heat recovery from the boiler chimney at a temperature of 360 ℃ smoking, sometimes discharged directly into the atmosphere, there is no heat recovery. In fact, this heat can be used to preheat boiler water, steam or create a new steam system. 10, optimization of compressed air systems consume a large amount of compressed air in many parts of the winemaking equipment Mills. These instruments are prone to leakage, particularly in a threaded joint, rubber joints, valves, automatic regulator, the inflatable device and the old gasket. In addition, the use of compressed air pressure is usually based on the maximum pressure setting; reduce this pressure is feasible and would not have any negative impact manufacturing.
How how electric fired three pass steam boiler maintenance electric steam boiler maintenance 1, boiler maintenance, must be cut off and must relief. 2, the burner every two months to be removed from the boiler, carefully remove foreign bodies such as dust and soot. Photocell light-receiving surface wipe once a month, fuel filter should always be kept clean and filtering capabilities; carefully clean the filter in the pump, do not break the seal. Oil-burner not idle, so as not to damage the pump. 3, the water level gauge should always be kept clean, rinse the purge valve is opened, the water level in order to ensure a clear day. 4, pulling the safety valve once a day, to prevent rusting failure. 5, electric steam boilers stop running long time, turn off the power, and do maintenance work: (1), dry maintenance, shutdown after the release came out water, dirt clean the furnace, with a slow fire the burner drying pot (burning time not too long, to avoid damage to the boiler), then all of the drained gas boiler, all pipe valve closed, checked every three months. (2), wet maintenance for a period not exceeding one month shutdown of the boiler, furnace shutdown after water release, discharge and clean fill with water, cut off the power, close the valve.Free Chat
Copyright © 2020.Company name All rights reserved.