3 macrotaxonomy steam boilers for food dehydration steam boiler fuel can be divided in accordance with the electric steam boiler, steam boiler fuel, gas and steam boiler; constructed according to the steam boiler can be divided into vertical, horizontal steam boiler, steam boiler mostly small single, double return the vertical structure, large steam boilers and more horizontal structure of three return. Vertical fuel gas steam boiler burner set under way, double return configuration, fuel combustion, boiler stable; inserted spoiler smoke tube, smoke slow speed, increase heat transfer, a high thermal efficiency, reduce user cost. Horizontal steam boiler shell type three return all wet back downstream pyrotechnic pipe structure, the combustion flame in the combustion chamber large positive pressure, fully extended, low combustion heat load, the high heat of combustion efficiency, effectively reducing the exhaust gas temperature, energy saving and economical use. Waveform threaded pipe and furnace structure, not only improves the strength of the heat absorption of the boiler, but also to meet the needs of thermal expansion of the heating surface, scientific and rational, and durable.
Recently, the National Energy Board, the Department of Ecology Environment issued "on the issuance of 2018, the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of coal ultra-low emissions and energy-saving targets and tasks" (the "Notice"), called on all localities continued to do over coal low-emission and energy-saving, and promote the development of clean and efficient coal. Ultra-low emissions and to promote energy-saving work in the country has been more than two years, has been established to complete the task of transformation in the eastern provinces, the transformation of the focus shifted to the central and western regions, while the transformation of scope as technology advances and the increasing demand for policy gradually extended.
Under the "notice" requirement, this year nationwide, ultra-low emissions coal power reform objectives and tasks a total of 48.68 million kilowatts, energy-saving goal is to reach 53.905 million kilowatts. In 2016, the capacity of the units involved in the transformation of two to 254.36 million kilowatts, respectively, and 189.4 million kilowatts, good reform bear fruit.
President of the State Power Environmental Protection Research Institute Zhu France and China, said: "By the end of last year, a nationwide ultra-low emissions transformation target task completion rate has reached 71%," ultra-low emissions coal and transformation better, the eastern region has been basically completed, part central provinces ahead of the completion of the task of transformation.
In 2015, the former Ministry of Environmental Protection, the National Development and Reform Commission, the National Energy Board issued "the full implementation of ultra-low emissions and energy-saving programs of work-fired power plant", requires the completion of the eastern part of the overall transformation of ultra-low emissions before the end of 2017, the central region and strive in 2018 years basically completed, the completion of the western region in 2020. "2018 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of coal ultra-low emissions and energy-saving task summary table" (hereinafter referred to as "transformation task list") shows that the eastern provinces have been basically completed the transformation of ultra-low emissions, not published this year transformation capacity unit task. But it is located in the Yangtze River Delta, Jiangsu Province, still issued 1.4 million kilowatts ultra-low emissions and energy-saving renovation target of 900,000 kilowatts.
Zhu France and China, said, "in accordance with the requirements of 2015, Jiangsu has completed the ultra-low emissions and energy-saving target in 2017. However, the new policy will be more units into the transformation range, Jiangsu this year, there is still the task of transformation. In June, the State Council issued a "winning blue sky battle three-year action plan" (hereinafter referred to as "three-year action plan"), required by the end of 2020, more than 65 tons of steam key areas of coal-fired boilers have completed ultra-low emissions and energy-saving. "
It is understood that "three-year action plan" prior to the implementation of energy-saving and environmental protection requirements only for the reconstruction of more than 300,000 kilowatts of conventional units, more than 100,000 kilowatts of power plant owned units. "According to the existing requirements, including Beijing and Tianjin and the surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta region and Fenwei plains, including the key areas, more than 65 tons of steam boilers are also included in the scope of the transformation will involve part of 100,000 kilowatts or less captive power plant units and industrial boilers. "Zhu France and China, said," "three-year action plan" in addition to the deadline of 2020, does not provide a specific timetable for the task. Next, the key areas are the provinces in accordance with the requirements of more units, boiler transformation. "
"Task of transformation" table displays, ultra-low emissions transformation capacity this year, mainly in the western region of Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang and so on. In the trend of ultra-low emissions overall speed of the transformation, central Shanxi, Anhui, Henan and other provinces in the region have been completed ahead of the transformation target ultra-low emissions, but energy-saving task still more arduous. Among them, Henan Province this year, energy-saving target capacity of 10.8 million kilowatts, Hunan has reached 9.995 million kilowatts.
Since the ultra-low emission transformation involves the emission of pollutants and other environmental problems, caused by the high social concern. In contrast, concern about energy-saving electric power mainly from the enterprises themselves. Zhu France and China, told reporters, on the one hand is the national energy saving policy requirements, on the other hand also in line with the needs of enterprises to reduce their own costs. At present coal prices continued to run high, coal companies operating pressure, reduce production costs even more urgent demand.
In 2014, the National Development and Reform Commission, the former Ministry of Environmental Protection, the National Energy Board issued "coal upgrading and transformation of energy saving action plan (2014-2020 years)", for energy-saving technology roadmap active coal-fired power units were enumerated, involving the master each link auxiliary equipment, environmental protection equipment and a total of 20 reform measures, in addition to "subcritical unit transformed into ultra (ultra) supercritical units", the rest of the technology have already matured.
In recent years, along with tighter environmental requirements, provide renovation and operation and maintenance services to the rapid development of environmental protection industry. In particular third-party environmental companies, with technical, cost and other advantages, occupy a certain share of power generation enterprise environmental transformation market. But a power industry experts said, is very difficult third-party independent companies to enter the field of environmental protection energy-saving power plant.
"Ultra-low emission increase in the transformation of the original system is new equipment, energy-saving and optimized for major transformation of existing equipment, and boiler plant, steam turbine plant than environmental protection enterprises to understand their own devices." The expert said, "Not only that as systems engineering, energy-efficient coal-fired units involved in the whole process of production, and plant operation economy, is closely related to security, not easily open to third-party companies. third-party companies to enter the energy-saving environmental protection than to enter the market face greater pressure."
Boiler precipitator technical principles of environmental protection and the development trend in recent years, the rapid development of gas power plant boilers for food dehydration in the direction of large-capacity, high-parameter, either manufacturing or operations management have been close to the advanced level. Boiler and gas industry to maintain large, widely distributed, high energy consumption, heavy pollution, energy efficiency and pollution control the overall level compared with foreign countries have a certain gap, a huge energy saving potential. By the end of 2012, China's use of gas in industrial boilers 467 000 units, with a total capacity of 1.78 million tons of steam, the annual consumption of about 700 million tons of coal, accounting for over 18% of the country's total coal consumption. China's gas lower overall energy efficiency of industrial boilers, about 15 percent of its actual operating efficiency lower than the international advanced level, with great potential for energy savings. In recent years the rapid development of technology the dust bag, in particular accessory bag filter (dust bag, dust bag cage pulse valve, control of the PLC technology, etc.) to improve quickly, while baghouse 10% desulfurization efficiency can be improved It is dry boiler flue gas desulfurization one of the major thermal power plant equipment. Boiler precipitator dust is the most effective pollution control equipment. It has a high dust removal efficiency, after the flue gas-containing filter baghouse dust concentrations below 50mg / m3, even at 10mg / m3 or less, and can efficiently remove the fine dust particles. Boiler boiler precipitator not just in the production of which use can also be used in other fields of thermal power. During use of the boiler generating the flue gas and dust is inevitable, the boiler boiler precipitator dust is separated out from the flue gas, thus reducing the dust pollution and facilitate further flue gas desulfurization, denitrification process. Spark arrestor smoke dust is mainly used in some high temperature and flue gas containing process Mars. For example, the flue gas cupola, intermediate frequency furnace flue gas, a furnace flue gas and so on. The main role is to eliminate smoke sparks, to avoid burning dust bag. Spark arrestor has a variety of structural forms, cyclone, louvered like. The most effective way of collecting cyclone is, the guide vanes guide the flue gas using a cyclone-type rotational flow, after the dust and large particles Mars cylindrical guide vane duct wall collision or off. When the smelting furnace flue gas containing spark large particles, dust bag will cause damage. Mars trap can effectively trap particles Mars in the flue gas, the protection of the bag filter. The entire device by the PLC control unit, automatic cleaning, discharging and automatic temperature control and over-temperature announcer.
Boiler then its on concrete steps are as follows: First, look at the boilers for food dehydration is oil or gas or coal-burning type, then, for auxiliary boilers, valves, instrumentation and safety accessories, check whether it is intact . Thereafter, the induced draft fan is open for ventilation, and then, for ovens and oven cooking operation. Meanwhile, combustion, a small fire after the first fire, and the first open to open the induced draft fan blower. In this way, the entire process can be completed well in Boiler.Free Chat
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