Water wall boiler tube leak or burst phenomenon how to do 1, the normal water flow is not greater than the steam flow. 2, the furnace pressure transient and unstable prejudiced. 3, tube leak detection alarm device. 4, the furnace may not tight at the outward discharge gas and water vapor, and a significant leakage sound. 5, the main steam pressure drop. 6, boiler combustion dark flame instability caused by severe boiler fire. 7, when the induced draft fan is automatically cast, abnormal static vane opening is increased, the current increases. 1 reason, the presence of water wall tube material defects or post-production, the installation of the damaged pipe, poor welding quality. 2, the inner tube fouling overtemperature. 3, the inner tube corrosion. 4, water wall wear. 5, the long-term high load operation, furnace coking, coal sulfur corrosion caused by high temperature water wall. 6, improper combustion, flame deflection. 7, in the possession of bad foreign body, the water cycle. 8, the wall of the long-term over-temperature operation. 9, the temperature difference between waterwall tubes, mechanical stress crack. 10, the normal exit or drain sootblower steam punctured tube. 11, smashed chunks of coke furnace water wall tube or serious explosion occurred, resulting in water wall tube suffered external damage. 12, boiler overpressure long run. 13, the boiler starts to heat up, step-up too fast. 1 process, the leakage should try waterwall tubes outage. The leakage is not serious, while still capable of maintaining operation, note that each of the automatic operation when the device, if not normal, it is cut immediately to the manual, if necessary, may be down, down-load operation. Closely monitor the development trend of damaged parts, good accident anticipation, application shutdown as soon as possible. 2, if the leak is serious, the bursting point temperature after a sharp rise in quality work, leading to serious over-temperature wall, unable to maintain the normal operation of the boiler or threaten the safety equipment, emergency shutdown provision should be processed, when the steam temperature to protect the action value, the protection does not move, should immediately hand MFT. 3, note that the operation of the electrostatic precipitator, to strengthen the inspection checks, to prevent fouling, and the electrodes ESP hopper, pipes and the like plugging air preheater ash. 4, after the shutdown, should retain ID fan, the furnace pressure is maintained constant, there is no discharge to be stopped after soda ID fan.
Recently, Beihai City, Guangxi Province, issued a notice of Beihai City in Spring 2019, the comprehensive management of tackling air pollution control action program (hereinafter referred to as "Notice"), mainly for the further implement the State Council "to win the Battle of Blue Sky three-year action plan" " Guangxi tackling air pollution control three-year operational plan (2018-2020 years) "and" Guangxi 2019 spring tackling air pollution control comprehensive management action plan "to complete the Beihai tackling air pollution control tasks and achieve the 2019 goal of improving the quality of atmospheric environment.
First, the key tasks
1, and comprehensive utilization of straw Jinshao special action. County area to develop and implement straw Jinshao work program, refinement department, streets, towns, villages regulatory responsibility, the implementation of "fixed, regular, fixed people, will be responsible for" management and control, establish full coverage, no dead ends grid of the regulatory system, full use of the overhead video, satellite remote sensing, unmanned aerial vehicles inspections, straw burning a variety of means to closely monitor the information grid monitoring platform. Strengthen the inspection of law enforcement inspection, severely crack down on open burning of straw behavior. Increase efforts to promote comprehensive utilization technology of straw, conditional county incentives to take subsidies. Focus on sugarcane crop leaf prohibiting the work, in accordance with the principle of territorial management, the development of sugar cane leaves prohibiting management program, to strengthen the unified management, unified utilization, unified treatment and disposal. Municipal Agricultural Bureau, the Municipal Office of the sugar industry to strengthen guidance and support for the comprehensive development of the use of sugar cane leaves, the full implementation of mechanized harvesting of sugarcane, sugar cane fields and comprehensive utilization of straw has broken.
2, urban dust comprehensive management of special operations. The urban dust control content into the focus of supervision and improve the system of dust control mechanisms, the establishment of the construction site with information technology platform construction, water conservancy projects, the implementation of dynamic site inventory management. Supervise the implementation of the site around the site enclosure, stockpiling cover, wet earth excavation work, the main road hardening, cleaning out the vehicle, sediment transport vehicles sealed "six percent", temporarily unable to start construction land should be covered. The construction site dust pollution prevention and control into the "civilized construction" category management, dust control costs are included in the project cost; according to the law will not be in place of harmful dust management information into the construction market credit management system, in serious cases, be included in the construction market players " blacklist". Rinse vigorously promote road sweeping mechanized operations, improve road mechanized cleaning of urban built-up area. Sediment transport, coal, ore, gravel and other transportation vehicle is not confined to do, strictly punished according to law.
3, industrial enterprises air pollution comprehensive management of special operations. According to Beihai City "scattered pollution" inventory accounting, to further improve that standard and rectification requirements, classification of promoting the "messy dirty" business regulation, focusing on remediation of the city and the surrounding "messy dirty" business. Strengthen the coal-fired boilers (including biomass boilers) and brick, ceramics and other industries industrial furnaces supervision, strengthen law enforcement. Encryption of iron and steel, building materials, nonferrous metals, thermal power, cement, brick, calcium carbonate and other business materials (waste) storage, handling, crushing, transportation and other aspects of the inspection frequency of inspections, strict implementation of consecutive daily penalties, limited production shutdown and other means strictly according to law penalties for environmental violations. Focus sessions focused their attention on the process of pollution, thermal power, steel, cement, bricks, ceramics, wood processing, sugar high emission enterprises, especially in built-up urban area of business, and strictly control the total amount of air pollutant emissions.
After electric 1 ton steam boiler oil or quotation shutdown, how maintenance? When long-term disabled electric steam boiler, furnace should pay great attention to external corrosion and maintenance problems. First, after power shutdown cooling steam boiler, the ash must be thoroughly cleaned and the heating surface fouling the upper grate, the lower portion of the furnace. Then to maintain a certain degree of natural ventilation flue. In general, in order desiccant moisture should be placed in the furnace, flue. The quicklime as a drying agent, within the furnace or flue gas per cubic meter should be placed generally about 3kg. After placing all the ventilation should be tightly closed doors. After the change of lime powder to be replaced. Low-lying position as boiler room, ground during shutdown severe flood tide, often approach should be used and placed a small fire to dry desiccant combination. If the boiler shutdown a long time, after the complete removal of soot coated with an anti-corrosion red lead paint in oil or other metal surface furnace. As for anti-corrosion maintenance methods inside the furnace shutdown, the shutdown Yaoan the length of time to be. In general, no more than one month shutdown maintenance wet available, more than one month should be taken to maintain dry. To note the following problems when a dry maintenance: desiccant boiler not in direct contact with the metal surface, may be mounted in a container such as the iron plate after the desiccant is placed, and a hole for shutting the other hand hole cover, valve steam, the water pipe change must cut lime powder should be replaced.
Note the choice of industrial boilers from the first industrial revolution to develop microbial technology, and upgrading various products continue to emerge, led us to the development of human civilization from the original backward to technological civilization, to the boiler, for example, since the last century, there has been a cylinder since the boiler-shaped, with the needs of science and technology and production, from simple to complex, from single to serialization, boiler technology are developing rapidly, the good reputation of industrial boilers companies choose to share precautions industrial boilers; first, the coal use; the design of the cell structure based on coal boiler components as the design basis, select the boiler should pay attention to adjust to the type of coal in the region. It recommended new, high-efficiency, high-tech, high-quality, durable industrial boilers; second, parameter selection; industrial efficiency boiler work normally when approaching the highest efficiency rating, as the load decreases efficiency has declined. Boiler capacity is generally selected: it generates a large steam than the actual gas consumption, such as the required parameters and actual parameters difficult to match industrial boilers, high boilers in this case a gear selection parameter. Selection of auxiliary boiler should also refer to the above principles, to avoid the "big horse car"; third, the number of choices; normal maintenance of industrial boilers and boiler shutdown is a number of factors, but also pay attention to: the boiler room shall not exceed the number of boiler economizers work load, install boiler economizer device purpose is to avoid too much heat when the smoke away. Improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler, is provided in the back pass boiler economizer heating surfaces, the use of flue gas heating boiler feed water, to save energy, economizer after the installation, the boiler increases the thermal energy required for heating the feedwater, boiler water and so reducing the temperature difference between the water supply, reduce the burden of heating boiler feed water. Cause excessive number of boiler economizer can not play a role, resulting in waste of energy; These are high-quality industrial boiler company to share some notes selected industrial boilers; vast land of our country, many places are rich in coal, resulting in different types of coal , which has also become a basis for selection of parameters and select the number of boilers enable us to be more effective in energy conservation, to achieve a win-win.Free Chat
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